Types of Electric/Hybrid Vehicles Explained
When it comes to types of electric vehicles, the choices people can buy go far beyond those powered by batteries alone. In today's ever-growing electric car market, car buyers can find all types, including options that rely on fuel cells or combine a gas engine in hybrid and plug-in hybrids. When talking about EVs, we generally refer to three main types of electric vehicles: hybrid electric vehicles (HEV), plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEV) and battery electric vehicles (BEV).
These do not plug in. Hybrid electric vehicles are powered by an internal combustion engine and one or more electric motors, which uses energy stored in batteries. This gives you longer range. The car’s computer manages operations between the two motors and uses different techniques to save fuel throughout your day to day drive.
PHEVs use both petrol and electrical energy to power the car. Depending on your model, some favour petrol energy over electrical energy and some favour electric energy over petrol. The only way to increase a PHEVs’ battery charge is to plug it in.
Like their plug-in hybrid cousins, these cars need to be plugged in to receive electrical energy and charge the battery. They have no internal combustion engine and are the most eco-friendly option because they produce zero drive-time C02 emissions.